Designing Storage for Modern Homes

Architect Opinder Liddar shares his top tips on how to incorporate useful storage solutions and maximise space in your house
by Opinder Liddar
7th June 2019

Storage is an important – but often overlooked – aspect when it comes to designing new homes. In fact, there’s been a significant growth in the number of out-of-town self-storage facilities over recent years, to meet the demand from people who don’t have enough space to keep all their possessions in their property.

This begs the question, do we have too many belongings? Or do we just not build homes that are big enough to cater to our modern needs?

Certainly, mass developer houses are limited in human space terms – and that’s before we think about room for storage.

The density of housing development is intensifying and standard space provisions are often ignored in the design stage. This can result in cramped living conditions.

Older homes, particularly when the existing layout is adapted to become more open plan, can lose some of the walls against which storage and furniture would otherwise rest. Again, this will mean a lack of space for occupants to keep belongings.

I want to offer you some ideas and solutions for this oft-neglected element of house design. Hopefully these will enable you to manage your storage requirements as an integral part of your plans rather than an afterthought.

This article sets out some of the key areas to look at when incorporating storage in new and remodeled homes. Along the way I’ll highlight several of the key factors you and your designer should consider as drawings develop.

Storage in entrance spaces

Creating a good impression from the moment someone walks in is a high priority for most homeowners. With this in mind, a generous entrance area and space to greet guests should remain uncluttered by shoes and coats. Try to incorporate a cupboard to put things away near this zone.

Entrance storage units

Part of this refurbishment by De Rosee Sa Architects saw skilled craftsmen brought on board to create bespoke joinery that offers a striking design feature as well as plenty of storage

Bear in mind that as children get older, the number of items they accumulate grows. You might start with coats, shoes and buggies and end up at bulky school bags, sports equipment, and more clothing.

One idea is to use the space under the stairs to hide away these kinds of items. If that’s not an option, then consider designing a slightly wider porch area where part of the zone can incorporate floor-to-ceiling storage.

If you’re tackling a self build project, an excellent solution would be to have a complete room off the hallway into which almost anything can be thrown. A closed door will then hide the clutter from view.

Consider a utility space

For many self builders, incorporating a second entrance is becoming a priority. Another doorway can be handy for when you’re bringing shopping inside, for instance, or coming home after a muddy walk.

Essentially, this area is a convenient place to clean up before entering the main house. It needs to be functional, often with a sink and sufficient room to get clean.

A covered porch works well, too. You can then take off muddy boots and clothes outside, while you’re partially protected from the rain.

Some homeowners ask us to incorporate a dog shower area close to the secondary entrance so owners’ pets can be hosed down before coming indoors.

Try not to have too many doorways off the utility. This way you can keep circulation paths to a minimum, which will maximise the room that’s available for storage. Aim to get a good straight run of base storage units in this room.

Kitchen storage focus

The culinary zone forms the heart of most homes. With many people moving towards more open-plan living arrangements, you tend to lose a lot of wall space on which cupboards could be placed.

As a rule of thumb, aim to have at least one wall where you can fit floor-to-ceiling cabinets that maximise storage and accommodate tall fridge units, as well as built-in ovens.

To make up for the loss of wall-mounted units, try increasing storage provision in base cupboards. For example, there are clever corner unit designs that enable you to utilise the tight dimensions in your kitchen for storage.

Even small areas between base units can be used to store chopping boards, herb jars or wine.

The ins and outs of kitchen functionality and storage are so important they need careful planning from the very outset of the house design phase. The practical sink-to-hob-to-fridge triangle is imperative to get right so you can enjoy cooking in a user-friendly space.

Overhead hanging rails are a good solution for storing pots and pans. As well as providing a useful function, they can also double up as an attractive display of culinary tools and gadgets.

Hanging wall storage

In this deVOL kitchen, pots and pans hang on the wall, creating an attractive visual feature

In some cases, a kitchen island or peninsula works well at one-and-a-half times or twice the normal base unit depth to create additional storage. They can break up and define areas within open-plan layouts, too. One side of the island may be used for kitchen storage, the other for the living room or even a home study.

Add a modern pantry

Interestingly, the pantry is coming back into fashion. This zone provides an ideal space for storage, and if ventilated correctly, can house perishable food, too.

It’s vital to think about how this area works in balance with the overall thermal performance of your property.

To ensure a pantry functions well, the external wall should not be as insulated as it would otherwise be. Meanwhile, the internal walls should be well insulated to ensure the cool temperatures do not transmit into the living space.

The space beneath the staircase has been put to good use for storage in this project by Scenario Architecture (Photo: Matt Clayton]
A growing number of people are incorporating pantries into their kitchens. This space was designed by deVOL

Airing cupboards & laundry rooms

In the past, properties used to include an airing cupboard where the hot water cylinder could be accommodated. However, with airtightness and heating systems that don’t necessarily need large storage vessels for domestic hot water, this whole space is often omitted in contemporary house design.

If you’re creating a dwelling from scratch, try to incorporate such a space, as it’s ideal for storing bed linen, towels etc. At Lapd Architects, we’ve included an electric bar heater in some clients’ homes so this area can be used to air any fabrics stored in there.

I’m also seeing a rise in the popularity of the first-floor laundry room.

Logically, this makes sense. Rather than having your washing machine, ironing board and drying areas on the ground floor – which means you need to carry your dirty clothes downstairs from upper storey bedrooms – why not have everything on the same level?

You can storey dirty clothes in an upstairs laundry until they’re washed, dried and put back into bedroom wardrobes, without having to carry them all around the house.

Utilise your roof space

Whether you’re building a new home or converting the loft of an existing property, you might want to have vaulted bedroom ceilings. As well as focusing on the habitable space, pay attention to the unused room in the eaves that can be used for storage.

We will often place vertical walls at 900mm height and design large removable panels so that clients have access to this otherwise awkward zone to keep their things.

It’s surprising how much room there can be in these areas at this height. You could go higher with your vertical wall to create even more storage opportunities, but make sure that this is not to the detriment of the main habitable zone.

Loft space storage

In this dressing room, bespoke joinery makes the most of the space available in the eaves of the house. This renovation and loft extension project was designed by Mulroy Architects

If your house has a non-converted roof space, think about making it accessible so that you’re able to use it efficiently.

Too often I’ve seen undersized loft hatches that are difficult to get your shoulders through, let alone storage boxes. It’s relatively simple to create a larger hatch with a drop-down ladder or steps, so you can easily access what is often a considerable storage area.

Garage storage ideas

Many people don’t park their cars in the garage, particularly those who live in older properties where modern vehicles are unlikely to fit. Instead, reconsider this space so it can be better utilised.

One solution could be to retain the front section of the area as storage for bikes etc. You could then change the use of the rest of the zone so that it functions as a utility room or downstairs cloakroom.

By installing sturdy and well-ordered shelving that uses the full height of the garage, it’s amazing how much you can fit in. Bikes and sports equipment can also be hung from trusses to preserve valuable floor and wall area for other items.

Underground storage

Wine connoisseurs might consider installing a dedicated cellar to house their collection. These are now available as pre-cast units that are relatively easy to install, at a cost.

They are sited below ground and naturally vent to keep wine at the ideal temperature. There are numerous elegant solutions; for example, some models house bottles in the wall of a spiral stair.

It’s also possible to make your wine cellar an impressive design feature in its own right, such as with an automated hydraulic opening.

Wine cellar storage

As well as serving a practical purpose, this sunken wine cellar forms a striking design feature in an extension project designed by Clear Architects

If you’re building a new home from scratch or converting an existing dwelling, don’t rule out the possibility of adding a full basement.

Of course, there’s a significant cost to this. However, if land for an outbuilding or extension is limited, then establishing a basement for storage and ancillary use could be a smart use of space.

If you can create an alternative way out from the basement, then you could, in future, convert it to habitable use as well.

Final reflections

Don’t underestimate the value of designing useful storage into your home. Invariably, you’ll amass more possessions as the years go on. So it’s important to ensure your property can grow alongside you and your family.

Therefore, incorporating enough space to house your belongings is something that needs to be considered at the very outset of the scheme. Don’t treat it as an add-on.

If you think about this aspect of your plans early enough, storage can become an attractive feature that complements the design of your abode rather than detracting from it.

Quick guide: Outbuildings as storage

If you’ve explored every nook and cranny in the house and can’t create any extra space for storage, consider a purpose-made outbuilding in which to house possessions.

Designs for this type of space can range from a simple garden shed to fully insulated annexes that could even provide ancillary accommodation.

Permitted development allowances enable you to create quite large structures without the need to apply for planning permission.

One project we designed at Lapd Architects was a bespoke library. Not only could the client effectively store his collection of books, but the texts were well presented and could be read in an enjoyable environment.

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